Document Type : Primary Research paper
Research Scholar, Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, India
Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Presidency University, Kolkata, India
This research investigates the local people’s knowledge of climate change, their perception about the impacts of climate change and the adaptation measures undertaken by them to cope with any climatic emergency in the Kakdwip block of the Indian Sundarban region. A total of 110 households were selected through a stratified random sampling method and data was collected using a questionnaire survey. The results of the study indicate that although local people have poor formal knowledge, they have adequate real-life experience and knowledge about climate change. Most (76.9%) of the farmers said that this climate change is responsible for the decline in the profit from cultivation in the area compared to the past. According to 96.7% of fishermen respondents, fish species in rivers are also declining. It was also observed that local people have taken various adaptation measures such as the use of high yielding variety of seeds, drought-resistant crops, crop insurance, livestock rearing and poultry, proper waste disposal, rainwater harvesting and afforestation. Although the government has taken various measures towards climate change, more effective steps need to be followed to implement appropriate adaptation strategies for climate change in this region.