Document Type : Primary Research paper
School of Postgraduate, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Department of Early Child Education, Universitas Islam Makassar
Department of Civil Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Makassar
Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, Universitas Negeri Makassar
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesian Center for Nutrition Studies – ICONS Universtas Hasanuddin.
The prevalence of undernourished children, especially stunting, has remained high in
developing countries. In Indonesia, stunted children have accounted for 30.8% in 2018
(Riskedas, 2018). Stunting is the most serious problem that alters the growth and
development of children. Causes of stunting are multifactorial, including the lack of food
intake and psychosocial stimulation. This study examines the effect of psychosocial
stimulation intervention and daily egg consumption on the nutritional status of stunted
children aged 6-23 months.
We did a quacy-experiment study with cluster sampling. Of 315 children were assigned into 5
groups, in which 3 intervention groups with stunted children, namely PSG group receiving
psychosocial stimulation, EGG Group was given 1 egg per day, PSG+EGG group receiving
psychosocial stimulation and eggs. The other 2 groups were control groups (with no
intervention), SCG group with stunted children and NCG group with non-stunting. The
intervention was carried out for 2 months.
The median delta of body weight was highest in PSG, significantly different from the other 4
groups. There was no significant difference among EGG, PSG+EGG, SCG, and NCG
groups. The highest median body length delta was at PSG+EGG, significantly different from
EGG, SCG, and NCG. The second highest is that PSG has a significant difference with SCG
and NCG. Same with BB, the highest WHZ delta is in PSG, significantly different from the 4
other groups. The lowest was on PSG+EGG, substantially different from SCG. The highest
HAZ delta at PSG+EGG (0.76+0.52) was significantly different (p<0.05) with SCG and NCG,
following PSG (0.58+0.44) and EGG (0.51+0, 76) both are significantly different from NCG.
The median delta WAZ was highest in PSG, substantially different from the other 4 groups.
There was no significant difference between EGG, PSG+EGG, SCG, and NCG group.In terms of macronutrients intake, the PSG+EGG group has the highest delta of energy and
carbohydrate intake among groups. Meanwhile, EGG group had the highest mean delta of
protein and fat intake.
In conclusion, our study suggested that psychosocial stimulation had the best effect on
improving acute nutritional problems, which is indicated by body weight, WHZ and WAZ.
Either psychosocial stimulation or egg intervention had a significant impact in improving
chronic nutrition. However, combining these interventions results in greater improvement of
chronic malnutrition such as body length and HAZ.