A Prospective Study On Drug Utilization And Prescription Monitoring In Asthma Patients At A Tertiary Care Hospital

Document Type : Primary Research paper

Authors

1 PhD Research Scholar, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy

2 Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy

3 Professor and Head department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy

4 Professor,Department of Pharmacology,Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy

Abstract

Objective:
Drug Utilization Review can play a key role in helping the healthcare system to understand, interpret and improve the prescribing administration & use of medications. As the incidence of asthma is increasing, especially in adults, children in India. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the drug utilization and monitoring the prescription in anti-asthmatic drugs at a tertiary care hospital in Tamilnadu.Methods: The study was conducted using WHO-based prescription auditing Performa. Data were recorded from the patients attending the hospital outpatient department (OPD) by a chance of random sampling method. Results:Methylxanthines101 (46.1%)was the most frequently prescribed drug among anti-asthmatics, followed by β2-agonists 45 (20.5%), corticosteroids 37(16.1%), Anti-Histamines17 (7.7%),anticholinergics8(3.6%)Was the least prescribed. Our study further found that combination therapy (81.3%) was given to a significant number of patients as compared to monotherapy41 (18.7%). In combination therapy, the two-drug combination was the most often prescribed128 (58.44%). Further, anti-asthmatic drugs were mostly given 149(68.0%) by the oral route, followed by the inhalation route59 (26.9%) and injection route 18(8.21%).Conclusion: The asthmatic problem was more prevalent in grade III employees that includes drivers and laborers. It has been concluded that a study may be more meaningful to further improve the prescribing as well as dispensing practices of the pharmacist through successful implementation of interventional programs in health centers.

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