Document Type : Primary Research paper
Department of Biology, College of Science, Mosul University, Iraq
Gestational diabetes is a common type of diabetes and is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy, and it is estimated that about 3-10% of pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes. Every seven pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. The complications of this type of diabetes affect the mother and the fetus, including hypoglycemia of the newborn fetus, neonatal death, congenital malformations, hyperbilirubinemia, hypocalcemia, shortness of breath, as well as the occurrence of gigantism, among the complications that occur to the mother during pregnancy are preeclampsia for the mother, increased risk of cesarean delivery, and high blood pressure, and an increased chance of eye complications.