Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Nehru Institute of Technology
Assistant professor Department of Civil Engineering Nehru Institute of Technology
Rapid development leads to a high demand and increased price for the basic construction materials like cement. This led the researchers to look for possible partial cement replacement by investigating the potential use of rice husk in making concrete hollow blocks. The researchers created concrete hollow blocks (CHB) at three different percentage of rice husk (RH) powder addition from 0%, 5%, and 10%. This study was intended to evaluate which works best in terms of compressive strength and density. The researchers created a total of 36 samples but only 12 were tested at ASTEC Materials Testing Corporation. Cost analysis, compression testing, and measuring of dimensions are the methods used to gather data. Results from the testing show that the mean compressive strength of the normal CHB (0%) is 76 psi compared to only 53 psi and 39 psi for CHB with 5% and 10% RH, respectively. The density of the normal CHB is 1.4319 g/cm3 while 1.2497 g/cm3 and 1.2822g/cm3 for CHB with 5% and 10% RH, respectively. In the cost analysis, the normal CHB costs ₱11.58 per piece, for CHB with 5% RH is ₱11.48, and for CHB with 10% RH is ₱11.37. Since the compressive strength of the normal CHB is greater than that of the CHB with pulverized rice husk, the researchers have concluded that a CHB unit is stronger and more resilient than a CHB with pulverized rice husk. Likewise, the mean density of the normal CHB is also greater than that of CHB with rice husk powder, it can be established that a CHB unit is more compact and rigid than the alternative. However, the addition of rice husk powder decreases the cost of CHB, therefore, CHB with RH is a more economical buildingmaterial.