Document Type : Primary Research paper
Department of civil Engineering, Jagadambha Collage of Engineering & Technology, Yavatmal, India
In India we know that the bricks are made from soil clay. Now a running days the demand of bricks increases day by day for construction. It is generally produced in traditional, unorganized small scale industries. Brick making consumes large amount of clay which leads to top soil removal and land degradations. India produces around 170 billion bricks per year, in the process consuming around 442 million tons of soil. Considering that the majority of the bricks produced will be burnt clay bricks, this volume of production will require about 230-240 million m3 of agricultural soil. This is equivalent to 25,500 hectares of fertile agricultural land, with the exploitive depth being 1 m. Such exploitation will have a tremendous impact on national food security. To overcome this problem, the application of bio-fuel by products sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) as a principal raw material for manufacturing of bricks was studied. SCBA is partially replaced of 10%, 20%, 30% by weight of brick. After process of moulding and drying, bricks are burnt in kiln at temperature of 700°-1000° to imparts hardness, strength and to increase the density of bricks. The size of brick is (190×90×90) mm. The test to be performed are compressive strength test, water absorption test, shape and size test, efflorescence test, etc. In accordance with Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) specifications, by also considering the costs.