An Awareness Study On Reproductive Health With Special Reference To Endometriosis As Perceived By Female College Students

Document Type : Primary Research paper


1 M.D,D.G.O, 1Research Scholar , Department of Animal Sciences , Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli 620 024 , Tamilnadu , India.

2 PG & Research department of Biotechnology, Women’s Christian College, Chennai 600 006 , Tamilnadu, India.

3 Department of Animal Sciences ,, Bharathidasan University , Tiruchirappalli- 620 024, Tamilnadu, India

4 Vice Principal – Projects, Bishop Heber College, Tiruchirappalli 620 018, Tamilnadu, India.


Endometriosis is a chronic gynaecological disorder, that affects the women of reproductive age group. Many women with endometriosis experience delay between the onset of symptoms and initial diagnosis, which is mainly due to lack of awareness, which in turn affects progress of the disease and the prognosis of the condition. The present study aims to understand the knowledge on symptoms, pattern of menstrual cycle – type of flow, genetic background and other predisposing factors responsible for the condition. At present, there is a paucity of data on perception of endometriosis among the girl students of colleges, hencetheoutcome of the present study will clearly reveal the socio demographic pattern, etiology and current awareness pertaining tothis condition. A total sample size of 1001 female students participated in the study. A survey questionnaire (Google forms) regarding etiology, symptoms, and genetic factors etc., for endometriosis were combined into a composite knowledge score. The age group of the respondents were between 17-25 years. Nearly 53.7% had a familial history of cyclic menstrual pain, 69.3% reported pelvic & abdominal painduring menstruation, yet 80.6% did not use medications as an option for pain management. Nearly 75.6% lacked awareness on visiting a doctor though they had constant cyclic and acyclic pain. It is evident from the present study outcome, the general population has limited knowledge on the signs and symptoms of endometriosis, which inhibited them from turning towards medical treatment on right time, which contributes to the delay in diagnosis and proper management of endometriosis.