Document Type : Primary Research paper
Assistant Professor (stage III), Department of Anthropology, University of Allahabad (Central University) & Supervisor of Research (2011-2014)
Senior Research Fellow, Anthropological Survey of India, Central Regional Center, Nagpur
Ethnozoology is a sub field of Zoology and it is a multidisciplinary area that also draws inter-disciplinary insights from Anthropology as a major area of research, reason being anthropologists are expert in ethnic studies, and the core area of Ethnozoology is closely related to ethnic communities itself. Ethnozoology deals with the study of human-faunal relationship. Human relationship with their environ is not a new phenomenon and human interface with nearby fauna exists due to a broad range of purposes like food, medicine, transportation, clothes and others materials needs. The present paper focuses on zootherapeutic practices among tribal inhabitants in Bajag forest range of Dindori district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Study is primarily based on empirical data and the data was collected following intensive anthropological fieldwork among the Baigas, Gonds and the Kols who constitute to ethnic population of the study area. Interviews, schedule, observation and photographic tools are extensively applied for primary data collection. Data was collected about faunal species which are used as medicine for a specific ailment and is put on record. It is found in the study that various animal parts are used in cure of 23 different health problems. It is also revealed from the present study that aforementioned tribal communities used a total of 26 faunal species in treatment of diseases. Data collected on Ethnozoology and zootherapeutic clearly attests to the fact that ethnomedicine is an effective and affordable means to combat against diseases in the area.