Isolaion Of Seed Mycoflora Of Cowpea Seeds

Document Type : Primary Research paper


1 Department of Botany, Mycology and Plant Pathology Lab, University College for Women, Koti

2 Osmania University, Hyderabad, Telangana, (India).


Present study was conducted to isolate seed mycoflora of Cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata), which is belongs to Fabaceae family. It grows as agriculturally primary food grain, livestock forage and soil enhancing green manure. It contains a more protein material than any other vegetable product. Two types of cowpea varieties i.e white cowpea variety and brown cowpea variety has taken to study different types of fungi associated with cowpea. The seed samples were collected from Tarnam village, Adilabad district, Telangana. Seed mycoflora was isolated by employing Blotter paper method and Agar plate method. Higher seed borne fungi was isolated from agar plate method. There were thirty species, sixteen genera isolated from these cowpea varieties. The identified genera of fungi were Alternaria spp, Aspergillus spp Chaetomium spp, Cladosporium spp, Drechslera spp, Fusarium spp, Helminthosporium spp, Humicola spp, Mucor spp, Nigrospora Phoma spp, Phythium spp, Penicillium spp, Rhizopus spp, Trichoderma spp, Trichothecium spp, Verticillium spp. The most common fungi in two varieties of cowpea are Aspergillus spp, Fusarium spp, Pencillium spp, Rhizopus spp. The study found white cowpea has a more fungal effect than brown cowpea.