On Farm Hatching as a New Technique for Hatching Eggs System

Document Type : Primary Research paper


Department of Animal Production, College of Agricultural Engineering Science, University of Baghdad, Iraq


The egg hatching process in the Poultry house has a great role in providing food and water directly at hatching, as well as providing wide areas for movement and providing fresh air, and there is no need to transfer the hatched chicks from the hatcher to the Poultry house. In this process, the eggs incubated for 18 days in the setter were transferred to the poultry house, taking into account the environmental conditions in which the transportation process takes place, as well as preparing the houses as an integrated system where the chicks would remain throughout their life cycle from the moment they hatch until reaching the slaughter weight. Hatching in poultry houses has improved results compared to traditional hatching systems, as follows: Chicks do not transfer from hatcheries to poultry houses, but in this system, the hatching process takes place in the poultry houses, which leads to the chicks being able to drink water and feed directly. In this system, chicks get better organ development and increased immunity. Providing good environmental conditions for chicks at the moment of their hatching involving oxygen, a wide area for movement, and a lack of moisture. During the hatching process in the poultry houses, the basic environmental conditions must be provided for the broilers, as when the chicks hatch, the temperature should be as homogeneous as possible, and the floor temperature must be warm to prevent the chicks from getting cold, as well as sometimes humidity is required, especially during the eggshell cleaning.