A Study of Ground Water Contamination In Janjgir Champa District of Chhattisgarh

Document Type : Primary Research paper


Kalinga University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India


Groundwater is one of the important components in development of any area. It
is the major potable, agricultural and industrial source of water. In the past, it was thought
that groundwater is protected from pollution by layers of rocks and soil that act as filters.
The first signs of contamination of groundwater extracted from wells may be detected. The
objective of this review is reviews researches of groundwater pollution and contamination
as well as pollution types and the effects of groundwater contamination and pollution on
public health. Generally, groundwater pollution studies include the scientific
understanding of biological, chemical and physical processes which control contaminants
fate and movement in the underground environment. High chemical concentration in
drinking water can pose a health hazard. Epidemiological studies have shown that the poor
quality of drinking water as the main transport route has been responsible for many waterborne
diseases. Several of microorganisms and synthetic chemicals have a potential to
pollute groundwater. Drinking water containing bacteria and viruses can lead to diseases
such as hepatitis or 2 cholera. The serious health effects of lead are known learning
difficulties in children; problems in the nerves, kidneys, liver and pregnancy risks.
Protection measures are actually simpler and less costly than corrective measures for
groundwater contamination. The choice of appropriate therapeutic technique depends on
site specific factors and often takes into account clean-up goals based on human health
and environmental protection


Volume 12, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
ICMMNT-2021 International Virtual Conference on Materials, Manufacturing and Nanotechnology, 30th June, 2021.
June 2021
Pages 3271-3276