The Phytochemical and the Antifungal Activity of Senna Alata Ethanol Extracts from Leaves of Plants in Iraq

Document Type : Primary Research paper


Department of Biology, College of Education for Pure Science, Kerbala University, Kerbala, Iraq


A various phytochemical compounds that have been isolated from Senna alata In the present study, and showed phytoconstituents from leaves against three of pathogenic fungi are as follows: Alternaria alternate, Neoscytalidium dimidiatum and Sordaria fimicola. The Phytochemical of Senna alata leaves were exposed to (GC-MS) analysis. The results showed highest activity against fungal, (Alternaria alternate, Neoscytalidium dimidiatum and Sordaria fimicola). All three concentrations of extract (10,20,30 mg/ml) in respectively" were given a results (0.00)mm in the diameter of colonies. The GC-MS analysis of Senna alata leaves parts showed the presence of -Butanol, 3-methyl-, carbonate, (tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy ; 4-Hydroxymandelic acid, ethyl este ; 1-Propanone, 2-chloro-1-(4-ethylphenyl)-2-methyl ; Isosorbide ; Cyclotrisiloxane, hexamethyl- ; Pentadecanoic acid ; Oleic Acid; 9-Octadecenoic acid, (E)- ; Octadecanoic acid ; 9,12- Octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)- ; 1,13-Tetradecadiene ; cis-9-Hexadecenal ; 8-Methyl-6- nonenamide ; 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-, 2,3-dihy ; Ethanol, 2-(9-octadecenyloxy); .beta.- Sitosterol ;4-n-Hexylthiane, S,S-dioxide ; 1-Bromo-3-(2-bromoethyl)-nonane ; i-Propyl 5,9,19-octacosatrienoate .