Applications of Chitosan in Conservative dentistry and endodontics: A Review

Document Type : Primary Research paper

Authors

1 M.D.S, Professor Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital,Bharath Institute of Higher Education &Research, Narayanapuram, Pallikaranai, Chennai-600100,Tamilnadu, India.

2 B.D.S, Second year postgraduate student, Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics,Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital,Bharath Institute of Higher Education &Research,Narayanapuram, Pallikaranai, Chennai-600100,Tamilnadu, India.

3 M.D.S, Professor & Head, Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Sree Balaji Dental College & Hospital,Bharath Institute of Higher Education &Research, Narayanapuram, Pallikaranai, Chennai-600100,Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

Recently the versatile natural biomaterial called chitosan has gained popularity in the field of dentistry. Many studies have been performed and have suggested its various applications Conservative dentistry and Endodontics. Chitosan has numerous properties such as biocompatibility, hydrophilicity, biodegradability, and a broad antibacterial spectrum. Chitosan is used in the prevention of caries and has also shown to increase the regeneration capability of the dentin pulp complex. In pulpotomy it causes haemostasis and also accelerates osteogenesis. It shows antibacterial activity on addition with various restorative material such as glass ionomer cement, calcium hydroxide, and adhesive systems,.The aim of this review is to describe the various available applications of chitosan in conservative dentistry and Endodontics till date.

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