Document Type : Primary Research paper
Al- Mussaib Technical Institute, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Iraq
Fertilization plays a critical role in the growth and development of the plant by providing it with nutrients (major and micro) in a form that can be absorbed through the soil or by spraying. The plant needs nutrients during its growth stages because it affects the speed of growth, the length of the root and vegetative groups, the fresh and dry weight, and affects the growth rate. The leaf area also has the impact of slowing down the rates of several physiological activities that the plant engages in, including protein synthesis, photosynthesis, respiration, and the movement of ions and molecules across cellular membranes. Today, using organic fertilizers has emerged as one of the effective strategies with a significant impact and one of the top concerns for people in charge of agriculture. In order to increase production, improve quality, and lessen the negative effects of improper use of chemical fertilizers, advanced agricultural technologies are being expanded and focused on, with the use of alternatives that have a better impact on plants, such as organic fertilizers that are abundant in vital nutrients for plants and do not cause toxicity. If utilized for a long time and in the right amounts for each crop and kind of plant, both for plants and people.