Effective Utilisation Of Textile Waste In Green Composite Manufacturing

Document Type : Primary Research paper


1 PG Scholar, Department of Textile Technology, PSG College of Technology, Peelamedu, Coimbatore

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Textile Technology, PSG College of Technology, Peelamedu, Coimbatore


The global textile industry is unlike before has branched and become
multiverse with a production rate increased in multi-folds. The increasing population,
their increasing rate of consumption, quick changing fashion trends have also fuelled
these rate of the apparels being discarded before the end of their lifetime which is a
raising environmental concern. These fabric scraps if effectively used in making
composite materials could open up to whole new areas of application. In the past
decade, natural fiber composites based on petroleum based thermoplastics or
thermosets matrices have been used in various industrial sectors. However, these
natural fiber composites are not fully environmentally friendly because matrix resins
are non-biodegradable. Therefore, biodegradable composites based on natural fibers
and biodegradable polymeric matrix made from cellulose, starch, and other natural
resources are called ‘‘green composites’’ and have been developed because of their
environmentally beneficial properties. Natural fibers offer good opportunities as a
reinforcement material for composites providing the positive benefit to the ecological
and environmental advantage and the attractive mechanical properties.The
explorations of natural fiber as green materials are alternative for synthetic polymer
fibre in composite because of their advantages such as low cost, low density,
renewability, biodegradability and acceptable specific strength. These natural fiber can
be utilized for structural or semi-structural materials in various fields including
aerospace, automotive, building, furniture, packaging and sport articles.