Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nehru Institute of Technology, Kaliyapuram, Coimbatore 6411 05, Tamilnadu, India
World fuel consumption has been steadily increasing for a variety of reasons, which include enhancements in quality of life, population increase, industrialization, rapid economic growth of developing countries, increased transportation of and goods, etc. The entire surface transport of India is based on petroleum fuel, but its availability is of growing concern. The production of domestic crude has been declining and the transport system has been increasingly dependent on imported crude oil to meet its needs. Fuel costs are rising at record highs around the world. Scientist and entrepreneurs are searching for solutions that will ease the pain at the gas pump. The price of petroleum and diesel are more expensive than ever and with no sign of any relief in sight people are now paying almost double what they were just two short years ago. Many people are obviously concerned and unsure about what they should do in the future. People can’t afford to continue paying these prices and higher as well as the direct cost it also has on goods in the supermarket. Most people, especially those with families, still need a vehicle for regular day to day tasks and if not that, even just for emergencies. As a solution for this problem Scientists are developing alternative fuels that can help not only the environment, but also the consumer’s checkbook. The new alternative fuels offer advantages in so many ways that people are really starting to take a look at these as an option over paying astronomical gasoline prices.