Document Type : Primary Research paper
Faculty of dentistry, Department of preventive dental science, Vision college, Saudi Arabia,
Faculty of dentistry, Department of preventive dental science, Vision college, Saudi Arabia
Faculty of dentistry, Department of preventive dental science , Riyadh Elm University.Saudi Arabia
Faculty of dentistry, Department of preventive dental science ,Vision college, Saudi Arabia
The current study sought to systematically review the existing literature to identify the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment aspects of early childhood dental caries. A critical literature search was performed to screen and capture those relevant to the topic of study. The methodology used in this study was a systematic design that involved screening 1576 articles from PubMed and Google scholar. Data relating to the study design, setting, definition of outcomes measure, the source population's inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the methodological design quality using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale. Among the identified studies, 1238 articles were excluded based on the limitations and risk factors of early childhood dental caries. Examining reports base on the treatment of dental caries identified 56 studies. Further screening of the references of the identified studies identified three studies that addressed early childhood dental caries. Additional screening of the articles found only 12 articles that discussed three more pieces from the screening reference lists of the identified themes. Data collected from the current study were analyzed using the arithmetic percentage analysis with charts and graphs. The survey results show that cariogenic microorganisms, diet and environmental factors are the significant risk factors for childhood dental caries. The study concludes that pediatric dentists should build a common consensus on encouraging.