Document Type : Primary Research paper
PhD, senior teacher of Uzbek state world languages university, Tashkent,Uzbekistan
This article sketches the theoretical position of cognitive linguistics together with a number of practical features of the way in which research in cognitive linguistics is organized.The purpose of this article is to acquaint with one of the actively developing areas of modern linguistics - cognitive linguistics, with its theoretical provisions and research methods.It is revealed that, there are three fundamental characteristics of cognitive linguistics can be derived: the primacy of semantics in linguistic analysis, the encyclopedic nature of linguistic meaning, and the perspectival nature of linguistic meaning.Aimed at the picture of the world, cognitive linguistics helpsto understand the essence of life guidelines, cultural attitudes, ethical values, systematized and integrated into a single whole and reflected in the language. Cognitive Linguistics is a new approach to the study of language which views linguistic knowledge as part of general cognition and thinking; linguistic behaviour is not separated from other general cognitive abilities which allow mental processes of reasoning, memory, attention or learning, but understood as an integral part of it. Cognitive linguistics (CL) is an interdisciplinary branch of linguistics, combining knowledge and research from both psychology and linguistics. It investigated how language interacts with cognition, how language forms our thoughts, and the evolution of language parallel with the change in the common mindset across time.
Linguistic structures serve the function of expressing meanings and hence the mappings between meaning and form are a prime subject of linguistic analysis are discussed. In this article is analyzed linguistic forms, closely linked to the semantic structures they are designed to express. Semantic structures of all meaningful linguistic units can and should be investigated.